Algebra in the primary curriculum

Extending patterns - infants

Content for junior infant class

The child should be enabled to

• Identify, copy and extend patterns in colour, shape and size using a range of objects, e.g. cubes or threading beads continue the pattern, what comes next?
Pupils make their own patterns using gummed paper shapes; two colours, two shapes, two sizes.
Computer software can be used where appropriate discuss results.

Content for senior infant class

The child should be enabled to

• Identify, copy and extend patterns in colour, shape, size and number (3-4 elements)?
Copy and extend patterns using beads and blocks, by drawing and colouring?
e.g. 2 blue, 3 red; 3 circles, 1 square; 2 big beads, 1 small bead; red, blue, yellow.
• Discover different arrays of the same number teacher makes a pattern (array) using a number of counters. The child creates a different array using the same number of counters e.g. how many different patterns of 10 can you make? or how many numbers can you arrange in pairs?
• Recognise patterns and predict subsequent numbers find the missing numbers: 2, 3, 4, _, 6, 7 and 10, 9, _, _, 6, 5, 4, 3, _ , _ ?