The visual elements
 

Texture

Texture refers to the surface quality of things.  It is both man made and natural, functional and decorative and can be tactile or visual.  The texture of materials can be changed with use if it is woven or moulded.

Texture is the roughness or smoothness of a surface. Everything has texture. Surfaces may be silky, shiny, hairy or bumpy, for example. Texture is an important aspect of the visual and not just the tactile world. Children need opportunities to work on variously textured surfaces and to discover their own ways of suggesting textures seen in nature.