Shape and space in the primary curriculum

2-D shapes - third and fourth class

Content for third class

The child should be enabled to

• Identify, describe and classify 2-D shapes: square, rectangle, triangle, hexagon, circle, semicircle, oval and irregular shapes?
• Explore, describe and compare the properties (sides, angles, parallel and non-parallel lines) of 2-D shapes?
• Construct and draw 2-D shapes?
Use templates, stencils, geostrips, geoboards etc.
• Combine, tessellate and make patterns with 2-D shapes e.g. cover surfaces with 2-D shapes that tessellate or do not tessellate.
Identify properties that facilitate or hinder tessellation.
Combine shapes to make patterns?
• Identify the use of 2-D shapes in the environment e.g. buildings, road signs, printing, household objects etc?
• Solve and complete practical tasks and problems involving 2-D shapes.

Content for fourth class

The child should be enabled to

• Identify, describe and classify 2-D shapes: equilateral, isosceles and scalene triangle, parallelogram, rhombus, pentagon, octagon?
• Explore, describe and compare the properties (sides, angles, parallel and non-parallel lines) of 2-D shapes?
• Construct and draw 2-D shapes e.g. use ruler and set square?
• Combine, tessellate and make patterns with 2-D shapes e.g. combine shapes to make patterns and to make other shapes.
Create a tessellating pattern on squared paper.
• Identify the use of 2-D shapes in the environment?
Observe 2-D shape in hoardings, shop fronts, paving-stones.
• Solve and complete practical tasks and problems involving 2-D shapes.