Shape and space in the primary curriculum

2-D shapes - first and second class

Content for first class

The child should be enabled to

• Sort, describe, compare and name 2-D shapes: square, rectangle, triangle, circle, semicircle e.g. describe shapes, referring to size, corners, number and length of sides or sort shapes into 4-sided/not 4-sided, curved/not curved?
• Construct and draw 2-D shapes us templates, stencils, geostrips, geoboards?
• Combine and partition 2-D shapes e.g. combine shapes to make new shapes and patterns?
Make pictures and mosaic patterns by combining shapes.
Fit many examples of identical shapes together to cover a surface.
• Identify halves of 2-D shapes e.g. fold paper shapes in half and cut to make new shapes?
• Identify and discuss the use of 2-D shapes in the environment in such things as furniture, classroom objects or own possessions?

Content for second class

The child should be enabled to

• Sort, describe, compare and name 2-D shapes: square, rectangle, triangle, circle, semicircle, oval.
Note similarities and differences between shapes.
• Construct and draw 2-D shapes
• Combine and partition 2-D shapes
• Identify half and quarter of shapes e.g. discuss the relationship between halves and quarters
• Identify and discuss the use of 2-D shapes in the environment e.g. look for examples of tiling in the environment