Approaches and methodologies


Children’s experience of science should lead to an informed appreciation of the environments that they encounter. Pupils should develop an awareness of the interdependencies of natural environments, plants and animals (including humans) in local, national and global contexts. Much of this work will be achieved by the children as they explore the strands and strand units of the geography and science curricula.

Both programmes emphasise the need for the pupils to develop an understanding of the impact of human activity on the environment. It is important that the exploration of natural and physical environments should foster positive environmental action and encourage children to develop a commitment to sustainable life-styles. Through the exploration of environmental issues children should be imbued with a sense of personal and community responsibility as custodians of the Earth.

Helping children to develop their ideas about environmental issues and cultivating attitudes of environmental care can be achieved using a variety of methods and approaches. Some of these methods are delineated in the guidance material provided for history, geography and SPHE. However, specific methods that may be used in science include: