Materials in the curriculum

 First and second class

Strand unit: Properties and characteristics of materials

The child should be enabled to:

  • Identify and investigate a range of common materials used in the immediate
    food and its ingredients
    materials used to construct buildings
    materials used to make furniture
    materials used to make clothes
    materials used to make tools
    materials used to make toys, school equipment
  • Describe and compare materials, noting the differences in colour, shape and texture
  • Begin to distinguish between natural and manufactured materials  
  • Group materials according to their properties
    flexibility, transparency, magnetism, strength
  • Identify and investigate materials that absorb water and those that are waterproof investigate the absorbency factor of various fabrics and materials and design and make a new kitchen cloth or roll 
  • Begin to explore how different materials may be used in the construction of homes suited to their environments
    homes, homes of animals, models, structures

Strand unit: Materials and change

Heating and cooling: the child should be enabled to

  • Explore the effects of heating and cooling on a range of liquids and solids water, toffee, syrup, blu-tack
  • Become aware of and investigate the suitability of different kinds of clothes for variations in temperature
    recognise that some fabrics keep us warmer than others
    design and make or assemble an outfit for someone who is going on holiday to a very warm or cold place
  • Explore ways in which liquids and solids may be kept hot or cold effect of wrapping or covering using different materials, such as paper, fabrics, foil use of vacuum flasks

Mixing and other changes: the child should be enabled to

  • Begin to investigate how materials may be changed by mixing
    mixing paints to make new colours
    mixing water and sugar or salt
    ingredients mixed in baking a cake or making biscuits
    design and make different varieties of chocolate buns using mixing, heating or cooling (e.g. cereal and chocolate buns)
  • Investigate the characteristics of different materials when wet and dry