Materials and their properties - what pupils should be taught

Grouping and classifying materials

  • To compare everyday materials and objects on the basis of their material
  • Properties, including hardness, strength, flexibility and magnetic behaviour, and
  • To relate these properties to everyday uses of the materials
  • That some materials are better thermal insulators than others
  • That some materials are better electrical conductors than others
  • To describe and group rocks and soils on the basis of characteristics, including appearance, texture and permeability
  • To recognize differences between solids, liquids and gases, in terms of ease of flow and maintenance of shape and volume