Energy and forces in the primary curriculum

Third and fourth class

Strand: Energy and forces

Strand unit: Light

The child should be enabled to:

  • Learn that light is a form of energy
  • Recognise that light comes from different natural and artificial sources
  • Investigate that light can be broken up into many different colours use prism to create spectrum
  • Investigate the relationships between light and materials sort materials according to the degree to which they allow light through (i.e. transparent, translucent, opaque) explore materials that do not allow light to pass through (opaque) and thus form shadows design and make a light shade for bedroom investigate how mirrors and other shiny surfaces are good reflectors of light effects of flat shiny surface, curved shiny surface
  • Recognise that the sun gives us heat and light, without which people and animals could not survive
  • Be aware of the dangers of looking directly at the sun

Strand unit: Sound

The child should be enabled to:

  • Learn that sound is a form of energy
  • Recognise and identify a variety of sounds in the environment
  • Understand and explore how different sounds may be made by making a variety of materials vibrate
    skin of drum, plastic ruler on table, string of an instrument, ’seed’ in referee’s whistle
  • Design and make a range of simple string instruments using an increasing variety of tools and materials
    investigate how changes in length, tension, thickness and types of materials affect sound produced
  • Explore the fact that sound travels through materials air, water, wood, metal

Strand unit: Heat

The child should be enabled to:

  • Learn that heat can be transferred
  • Recognise that temperature is a measurement of how hot something is
  • Measure changes in temperature using a thermometer
  • Measure and compare temperatures in different places in the classroom, school and environment and explore reasons for variations
  • Understand that the sun is the Earth’s most important heat source
  • Identify ways in which homes, buildings and materials are heated cookers, kettles, electric radiators