Essential facts to remember
 

Essential facts to remember

In sixth class, at the end of work on Life Processes, certain key facts need to be remembered. Even third & fourth class children should be some way towards remembering the following: (Teacher test thy self!)

Humans

  1. Name the 3 types of teeth (incisors, canines, molars)
  2. Name 3 things that teeth need (calcium, vitamin D, fluoride
  3. Name 4 things to do to keep teeth healthy (brush, massage gums, rinse mouth, visit the dentist)
  4. Which 2 foods give you energy? (fats, carbohydrates)
  5. Which 2 foods help growth and repair? (protein and mineral salts)
  6. What do vitamins do? (maintain good health)
  7. What helps transport food around the body? (water)
  8. What prevents constipation?
  9. What does the heart do? (pumps blood around the body)
  10. What is the system called which the blood travels around? (circulatory system).
  11. What does blood carry to the muscles? (oxygen)
  12. Why do you breathe more when you exercise? (you need more oxygen to get to your muscles)
  13. How does your pulse rate change when you exercise: (increases)
  14. The…..controls the nervous system (brain)
  15. The….. pumps blood around the body (heart)
  16. The….. removes waste from the food and blood (liver)
  17. The….. cleanse the blood (kidneys)
  18. The….. are the breathing organs (lungs)
  19. The….. is the largest organ in the body (skin)
  20. The….. system is the breathing system (respiratory)
  21. The….. system breaks food down (digestive)
  22. What 2 things are the skeleton for (support the body and help it move)

Plants

  1. What 3 things affect plant growth? (Water, temperature, availability of light.)
  2. What gas do green plants take in? (carbon dioxide)
  3. What gas do green plants give out? (oxygen)
  4. What are the roots for on a plant? (to anchor the plant and absorb water and minerals)
  5. How do water and nutrients get to all parts of a plant? (they are taken up the stem)
  6. What do petals do? (attract the insects because of their colour and smell)
  7. Which is the female part of the flower? (stigma) – remember ‘ma’
  8. Which is the male part of the plant? (stamen) – remember ‘men’
  9. What is the substance that is transferred from one plant to another? (pollen)
  10. Name 2 ways it moves (wind, insects)
  11. What do nearly all food chains start with? (green plants)
  12. What is the starter in the food chain called? (producer)
  13. What is something in a food chain that eats something else called? (consumer) If a slug is eaten by a pigeon:
  14. The slug is the…(prey)
  15. The pigeon is the (predator)
  16. What 2 things can bacteria do? (break down waste, cause disease)
  17. Name 3 ways to kill microbes (take away oxygen, take away water, take away heat)
  18. In the environment there is competition for 3 things, what are they? (light, water, nutrients)41. How does a plant get energy? (it takes it in from the sun and changes it to food)
  19. What is this process called? (photosynthesis)

Animals

  1. What are animals called that don’t have a backbone? (invertebrates)
  2. Which types of animals are cold blooded? (fish, reptiles, amphibians)
  3. Which types of animals are warm blooded? (birds, mammals)
  4. What type of animal is a frog? (amphibian)
  5. What type of animal is a turtle? (reptile)
  6. Give a reason why. (it lays its eggs on the land)
  7. What type of animal is a mouse? (mammal)
  8. What type of animal is a pigeon? (bird)
  9. What type of animal is a herring? (fish)
  10. What are the 7 processes of life common to all animals? (movement, reproduction, sensitivity, growth, respiration, excretion and nutrition)
  11. All living things are made up of? (cells)