Curriculum content

Fifth and sixth class

Strand: Living things

Strand unit: Human Life

Variety and characteristics of humans

  • Develop a simple understanding of the structure of some of the body’s major internal and external organs

Human life processes

  • Develop a simple understanding of food and nutrition
    structure, function and care of teeth the importance of food for energy and growth importance of a balanced and healthy diet design and make a balanced and nutritious lunch menu for self or younger child
  • Develop an understanding of the reproductive systems of both male and female and of the physical changes taking place in both male and female during growth to adulthood
  • Become aware of and investigate breathing
    appreciate the need for oxygen from the air
    understand structure and function of nose, windpipe and lungs
    recognise the dangers of smoking and air pollution investigate and/or design and make facial anti-dust mask
  • Identify and understand ways in which the body protects itself against disease and infection role of external organs such as nose and skin

The child should be enabled to study

Variety and characteristics of living things

  • Observe, identify and examine the animals and plants that live in local habitats and
    local stream, river or pond, rock pool, seashore
    aspect of a local rural landscape (e.g. soil, hedgerow, forest, peatland, field); aspect of a local urban area (e.g. areas around school, park, waste ground)
  • Develop an increasing awareness of plants and animals from wider environments
  • Identify the interrelationships and interdependence between plants and
    animals in local and other habitats
    plants and animals depend on, and compete with, each other concept of food chains and food webs
  • Become aware of the sun as a source of energy for plants through photosynthesis
  • Observe and explore some ways in which plant and animal behaviour is influenced
    by, or adapted to, environmental conditions
    location factors for plant and animal habitats, including food supply and physical
    use of colour and camouflage by animals
  • Recognise that there is a great diversity of plants and animals in different regions and environments
  • Group and compare living things into sets according to their similarities and differences
    similarities and differences between members of the same groups or species
  • Become familiar with the characteristics of some major groups of living things
    mammals, insects, arachnids, amphibians, fish, birds, reptiles, flowering and non-flowering plants, fungi and bacteria*
  • Construct and use simple keys to identify locally occurring species of plants and

Processes of life

  • Become aware of some of the basic life processes in animals and plants
    animals: nutrition, breathing, growth, movement, reproduction (life cycles), use of
    their senses
    plants: nutrition, reproduction, movement in response to light, use of oxygen and carbon dioxide
  • Investigate the factors that affect plant growth
    water, light, soil, temperature
    design and make a suitable growth environment for a plant that requires some
    specialised care (e.g. a bottle garden for plants that require much heat and humidity)
  • Understand some ways in which plants reproduce
    flowering plants and seeds
    non-flowering plants, spores
    vegetation: runners, tubers, bulbs

*Fungi and bacteria are not considered to be part of the animal or plant kingdoms.