Curriculum content

Third and fourth class

Strand: Living things

Strand unit: Human Life

The child should be enabled to study

Variety and characteristics of humans

  • Become aware of the names and structure of some of the body’s major external and internal organs

Human life processes

  • Develop an awareness of the importance of food for energy and growth
    need for a balanced and healthy diet
    structure and function of teeth
    design and make a nutritious sandwich for lunch
    design and make a clay model of a set of teeth (or part of a set of teeth)
  • Understand the physical changes taking place in both male and female during growth to adulthood
  • Become aware of and investigate breathing
    appreciate the need for oxygen from the air
    understand that air is drawn in through mouth and nose and passes through windpipe to lungs
    investigate breathing rate before and after exercise
    recognise dangers of smoking and air pollution
  • Explore and investigate how people move body supported by a skeleton actions of muscles, bones and joints

The child should be enabled to discuss

Variety and characteristics of living things

  • Observe, identify and investigate the animals and plants that live in local environments
    local stream, river or pond, seashore aspect of a local rural landscape (e.g. road or laneway verge, hedgerow, peatland, field) aspect of a local urban area (e.g. areas around school, park, waste ground)
  • Develop an increasing awareness of plants and animals from wider environments
  • Observe and explore some ways in which plant and animal behaviour is influenced by, or adapted to, environmental conditions suitability of plants for shaded/damp/dry/wet conditions use of colour and camouflage by animals
  • Dort and group living things into sets according to observable features animals that have fur, feathers, scales flowering and non-flowering plants
  • Use simple keys to identify common species of plants and animals
  • Understand that plants use light energy from the sun
  • Come to appreciate that animals depend on plants and indirectly on the sun for food
  • Discuss simple food chains

Processes of life

  • Become aware of some of the basic life processes in animals
    feeding, breathing, growing, moving, reproducing (life cycles), using their senses design and make an animal home that provides for growth, exercise, feeding of the animal
  • Investigate the factors that affect plant growth water, light, types of soil, temperature