Life processes and living things

Green plants 

Growth and nutrition

  • The effect of light, air, water and temperature on plant growth
  • The role of the leaf in producing new material for growth
  • That the root anchors the plant, and that water and minerals are taken in through the root and transported through the stem to other parts of the plant


  •  About the parts of the flower (for example, stigma, stamen, petal, sepal) and their role in the life cycle of flowering plants, including pollination, seed formation, seed dispersal and germination

Variation and classification

  • How locally occurring animals and plants can be identified and assigned to groups
  • That the variety of plants and animals makes it important to identify them and assign them to groups

Living things in their environment

  • About ways in which living things and the environment need protection


  • About the different plants and animals found in different habitats
  • How animals and plants in two different habitats are suited to their environment

Feeding relationships

  • To use food chains to show feeding relationships in a habitat
  • About how nearly all food chains start with a green plant


  • That micro-organisms are living organisms that are often too small to be seen, and
    that they may be beneficial (for example, in the breakdown of waste, in making
    bread) or harmful (for example, in causing disease, in causing food to go mouldy)