Skills development in fifth and sixth classes

The skills of designing and making 


  • Explore a wide range of everyday objects and how they work
    tools and domestic equipment
    walls and their construction
    gates and hinges
  • Explore freely how a range of shapes, objects and other constructions could be made using a variety of materials
  • explore how some objects might be improved or adapted
  • Recognise that people like certain characteristics of objects but not others and investigate the reasons for these preferences in shape, colour, texture, structure, material, practicality


  • Use knowledge and the result of investigations to identify needs and/or opportunities to improve an object or environments in familiar contexts knowledge that plants need water could initiate design of watering device; the results of a litter survey could prompt design of new litter bins
  • Understand that while the change may be desirable it may result in problems too difficult to make, not pleasing to look at
  • Develop the ability to draw designs showing different perspectives of proposed objects side, top, front elevations communicate their design plan using sketches, models and other media including information and communication technologies
  • Organise work, taking account of constraints and resources
  • Present design proposal on a design sheet simple elevations, measurements (scale), equipment required, aesthetic features (e.g. colour)
  • Evaluate the feasibility of the design proposal and possible modifications to it, bearing in mind the resources available


  • Make objects, applying knowledge that structures have distinctive characteristics, including form and stability materials can be permanently linked to allow maximum stability
  • Identify problems with, or undesirable effects of, a design during construction; propose and implement alterations as the object is made
  • Develop craft-handling skills and techniques tying knots, marking and cutting, joining and fastening, making holes, weaving and plaiting, strengthening structures using struts, linking objects with adhesives, simple card hinges, triangular joining, dowel joints, cut a variety of materials with different tools
  • Use a range of tools hammer, G clamp, hand drill, junior hacksaws, measuring devices, rotary cutter, simple paper clip and drawing pin switch for electric currents
  • Use a range of material wood, lollipop sticks, clothes pegs, various thicknesses of card, sheet plastic, dowels, matchsticks, Lego Technic, Meccano, fabrics, fibres and plastics


  • Evaluate the positive and negative impact of design on surroundings and others
  • Discuss stability and form of other made objects and evaluate the effectiveness of the group product in the light of this investigation compare the joints in a range of objects with those in own design
  • Justify the ideas, materials, joins, procedures and techniques used and indicate possible improvements why a loose dowel joint was used for axle movement and not a tight dowel joint
  • Discuss and justify modifications that would improve the overall quality and stability of the outcome
  • Appraise results against group’s initial plan and intentions