Skills development in third and fourth classes

The skills of designing and making

Through completing the strand units of the science curriculum the child should be enabled to:


  • Explore a wide range of everyday objects and how they work
    hinges on a door
    paper punch
    screw-caps on bottles, jars, tubes
  • Explore freely how a range of shapes, objects and other constructions could be made using a variety of materials
  • Explore how some objects might be improved or adapted
    add struts to a bridge
    change materials
  • Recognise that people like certain characteristics of objects but not others and investigate the reasons for these preferences in shape, colour, texture, structure, material


  • Recognise a need to adapt or change an object or surroundings
  • Become aware that new designs may create an interest and perceived need among others the creation of a better or more attractive pencil case may stimulate an interest and need in others for similar objects
  • Work collaboratively to create a design proposal
  • Communicate and evaluate the design plan using sketches, models and information and communication technologies use small models and/or sketches showing measurements and materials required list the equipment needed consider the resources available


  • Make a range of simple objects to solve practical problems (hold door open), to fulfil a need or preference (colour/texture/weight/shape) and to express
    creative ideas (make a dragon, mask)
  • Develop craft-handling skills and techniques
    tying knots, marking and cutting, joining and fastening, making holes, weaving and plaiting, strengthening structures using struts, linking objects with adhesives, simple card hinge
  • Use appropriate tools
    friction (e.g. sandpaper and files)
    joining and fastening (e.g. needle and thread, adhesive, stapler, bolts, nuts and spanners)
  • Use a range of materials including
    soft strip wood, lollipop sticks, various thicknesses of card, basic electrical equipment, adhesive, paper clips, Bulldog clips


  • Recognise that modifications to the plan may have to be made throughout the task
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of the new product and suggest modifications to the designing and making task suitability of materials chosen, aesthetic outcomes, the extent to which objects fulfil needs identified earlier
  • Evaluate the work of peers and propose positive modifications