Skills development in first and second classes

The skills of designing and making 


  • Handle and manipulate a range of materials and objects
  • Observe, investigate and describe familiar objects
  • Investigate how objects work
  • State what he/she likes or dislikes about objects
  • Discuss why people have a need for them
  • Recognise that people like certain characteristics of objects but not others and investigate the reasons for these preferences in shape, colour, texture, structure, material


  • Identify a need for new or revised designs; imagine and suggest a possible object to be made
  • Discuss, using appropriate vocabulary, what he/she would like to design or make
  • Clarify and communicate through pictures or simple modelling the materials and structures required to build the object
  • Choose materials, from a given range, to comply with the design idea
  • Talk about and communicate a plan of action using appropriate vocabulary
    oral, written or other media information and communication technologies


  • Make simple objects
  • Develop craft-handling skills e.g. marking out, cutting curved edges, cutting a variety of materials (e.g. paper, card, fabric, string)
  • Use a variety of simple tools e.g. scissors, single-hole punch, stapler
  • Use a range of materials
    reclaimable domestic waste, general-purpose adhesives, string, Lego, various  thicknesses of cardboard, balloons, wooden dowelling, lollipop sticks,   matchsticks, thread spools, adhesive tape, pipe cleaners, fabric, clay, straws, fasteners (hair-clips, paper clips, Bulldog clips, pegs)
  • Understand that these materials can be linked in simple ways to allow movement e.g. make a wheel and axle using a pencil and thread spools; a paper fastener joining two pieces of card allows a ‘card wheel’ to rotate


  • Evaluate design ideas as these develop in the making process
  • Evaluate own work and suggest possible modifications to the designing and making task e.g. suitability of materials chosen, aesthetic outcomes, the extent to which objects fulfil needs identified earlier
  • Evaluate the work of peers and propose positive modifications