Monoprints and stencils

Stencilling techniques

For stencilling techniques to be effective the paint must not spread under the objects or image placed onto the fabric. Although heavy objects e.g. coins, marbles, beads etc. can be placed on the fabric and a spray dye lightly used to colour the fabric, an easier and more detailed design can be achieved by using sticky backed plastic to create the image.

Draw the image onto the paper side of the sticky backed plastic and when satisfied cut out the image which could be an animal, abstract shape, letters or any design created by the pupils. Peel off the paper backing from the plastic and stick the image onto plain coloured fabric which can be cotton or polyester cotton. Ensure the image is pressed firmly onto the fabric and then decide on the equipment and colours to be used. Remember that if the fabric is to be washed, fabric colourings should be used.

However for an item that does not need washing, ordinary colourings can be used. Felt pens or pastels ban be applied or rollers, sponge brushes and paintbrushes used to apply colour over the image and background fabric. The image should be painted/drawn over, not around.When the paint is dry remove the sticky backed plastic image and the clean sharp edged design can be enhanced by using 3D paints, sequins etc. this technique is very effective when creating a class wall hanging as each child can create their own image, attach it to the backing fabric which can then be decorated by the whole class or group of children.

When dry the sticky backed images can be removed individually and the clean images enhanced by the pupils. Suitable subjects for this technique are minibeasts, under the sea and jungle scenes.